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Welcome to All India Coordinated Research Project on Chickpea:

Chickpea, one of the major pulses cultivated and consumed in India, is also known as Bengal gram. Chickpea is a major and cheap source of protein compared to animal protein. In India, chickpea accounts for about 45% of total pulses produced in the country. Similar to the case of other pulses, India is the major producing country for chickpea, contributing for over 75% of total production in the world.

Chickpea is cultivated for its seeds. They are rich source of protein and form an important part of vegetarian diet. Chickpea seeds contain about 17-20% of protein. Chickpea is an important rabi crop mainly sown in September-November and harvested in February. Crop duration is 90-120 days, depending on the variety. Desi varieties are short duration while kabuli varieties take relatively longer period to mature. Similarly, cooler like northern India take longer period, compared to relatively warm weather in southern parts of India. It is best suited to areas having low to moderate rainfall and a mid cold weather. Excessive rains soon after sowing or at flowering stage are harmful for the crop. Severe cold is injurious, and is very harmful. It is best suited to areas having moderate rainfall of 60-90 cm per annum. It has an indeterminate growth habit, which means that the growth cycle extends as long as moisture is available.

Chickpea is the third most important pulse crop, after dry bean and peas, produced in the world. It accounts for 20% of the world pulses production. Major producers of chickpea include India, Pakistan and Mexico. Global production, as per the latest available estimates of Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), is about 12 million metric tons in 2011. India is the largest producer, with about 8 million tons, accounting of about 70% of total world production. Six countries including India, Australia, Turkey, Myanmar, Pakistan and Ethiopia account for about 90% of world chickpea production.

India is also the largest consumer of chickpea in the world. As a result, the country occupied second place in world despite contributing for about 70% of world’s total production. According to the latest available estimates by the FAO, Pakistan is the largest importer while Australia is the largest exporter in the world in 2011. However, India is a net-importer for most of the period and hence any fluctuations in world production may have an impact on domestic prices.

Production of chickpea is concentrated in central and southern parts of India. Production trends during the past 15 years indicated that except for a few years in the early 2000s, the output of chickpea fluctuated at around 6 million tonnes for over a decade till 2007-08. However, production has steadily increased thereafter and largely in tune with the trends in yield levels and reached about 8.8 million tonnes in 2012-13. This increase in production is possible due to development of high yielding disease resistant varieties, matching production and protection technologies and better rainfall in chickpea growing areas. Incidentally, the period the steep rise in production is in perfect line with the rise in minimum support prices (MSP) announced by the Govt. of India along with a significant expansion in the area under cultivation.

Madhya Pradesh is the single largest producer in the country, accounting for over 40% of total production. Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh contributed about 14%, 10%, 9% and 7%, respectively. On the other hand, the share of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka has consistently been rising during the past 10 years. Further, states like Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh are expanding their area and production of chickpea crop.

During 2012-13, highest production of chickpea (3551 thousand tones) was recorded in Madhya Pradesh with productivity of 435 kg/ha. In Rajasthan, production of 1265 thousand tones was achieved with productivity of 1010 kg/ha. In Maharashtra, production of 1058 thousand tones was recorded with productivity of 844 kg/ha. Highest productivity of 1430 kg/ha was recorded in Bihar state. In Andhra Pradesh, 759 thousand tonnes of chickpea was produced with productivity of 1115 kg/ha.

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Annual Group Meet of All India Coordinated Research Project on Chickpea

  • Date : 29-31 August 2016
  • Venue : ARS, Kalaburagi (Gulbarga)
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Dr. G.P. Dixit
Project Coordinator
Phone:- 0512-2580993 (O), 09936149224
EPBX No. :0512-2580994, 2580995, 2582580 Ext. 257
FAX : 091-0512-2580992
E-mail:- aicrpciipr@yahoo.co.in