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All India Coordinated Research Project on Chickpea co-ordinates the research programme carried out in the disciplines of Plant Breeding, Agronomy, Plant Pathology, Entomology, Microbiology, Plant Physiology and Nematology. Research activities carried out in these disciplines helps in development of high yielding varieties and matching production and protection technologies for different agro-ecological zones. In the last 4 decades, the area, production and productivity of chickpea have fluctuated widely. Some of the states like Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar have last considerable area of chickpea where as other states like Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka have brought additional area. As the growing condition is altogether different in southern states from northern states, there is need to develop more varieties and production and protection technologies to address issues related to production of chickpea in the region. During XI plan (2007-2012), 31 varieties were identified/released suitable for growing in varying agro-climatic condition with in built resistance/tolerance against by biotic & abiotic stresses. Nearly 14,136 accessions were maintained at 18 centres.

Many donor parents were identified for specific traits like Cold tolerance (ICCV 88503, ICCV 92944), Drought Tolerance (JG 315, RSG 888), Heat Tolerance (GNG 663, Vaibhav ), Wilt resistance (IPC 2008-103, CSJK 42), Ascochyta blight resistance (GNG 1581, DKG 986).

In Physiological experiments, remarkable enhancement of photosynthesis chlorophyll content and water use efficiency was observed in variety JG 11 and JG 74 when salicylic acid foliar spray was combined with calcium bicarbonate. Central zone released that chickpea varieties such as Vijay, Digvijay, JG 14 and JG 16 had more prolific root system as compared to those released from north zone such as GNG 1581 and GNG 1488. Genotypes like Phule G 96006, Avrodhi, Annegiri-1, JG 74, BGD 103 and RSG 945 were identified as heat tolerant.

In Microbiology experiments, two mesorhizobia (LGR-1-103 and LGR-2-103) were identified as best strains for salinity tolerance. Among AVT-2 entries, entry C 714 was found to be promising for nodulation at Bangalore and entries C 103, C 106, C 111 and C 115 showed excellent nodulation at Ludhiana. On the basis of multilocation testing, strain LGR-0-10 from Ludhiana out yielded other strains with 21% higher yield. Nodule endophytic strain CNE 1 and CNE 2 seems to be better inoculants than PGPR. PSB strain Pseudomonas striata from Gulbarga alongwith Mesorhizobium (CH 1233) registered highest grain yield (22.6%) over control.

Under Pathological programme, coordinated trial entries, germplasm and breeding material were screened against major diseases. The national nurseries for disease resistance, confirmation of resistance and management of wilt trial were other important programme carried out during 2013-14. Nine desi entries and two kabuli entries showed resistance to moderately resistance reaction against wilt. Promising entries were GJG 1010, H 10-01, Phule G 0511, GJG 0820 and CSJK 27. Entries like DC 2012-13 and NBeG 452 showed resistant reaction at more than 50% locations against dry root rot. Entries CSJK 27 and NDGK 11-31 found resistant against wilt stunt. Resistance was confirmed in genotypes like GJG 0814, IPC 08-103, JG 24, GJG 0920, GJG 0904 against wilt and IPC 05-28 against dry root rot, IPC 08-11 against Ascochyta blight and three entries viz., GJG-0904, IPCK 06-56, IPC 08-11 were found moderately resistant to BGM. IPC 2000-06 confirmed resistance against stunt.

An experiment on disease development revealed that disease incidence due to collar rot, wilt and dry root rot was higher in JG 62 in all dates of sowing. Entries with stable resistance against wilt, dry root rot, Ascochyta blight, BGM and Stunt were also identified. Entries like JG 24, CSJ 515, Phule G 0511, JG 38 and IPC 08-11 were found resistant against 2 diseases.

Under Entomological programme, a total of eight experiments were taken in entomology and nematology over all the centres and successfully implemented. A large number of entries were screened in IVT, AVT-1 and AVT-2 trials and despite considerable variation across locations in the incidence of pod borer and the reaction of the genotypes and none of the entries were observed to be truly resistant to pod borer damage. This year an experiment was taken up in all zones with the objective of finding a suitable substitute for insecticides in the existing module of IPM to reduce the use of insecticides. Considering the high incidence of the gram pod borer, H. armigera causing 60-100 per cent damage in NWPZ a separate crop phenology based IPM module was developed comprising selective biopesticides and insecticides during the year 2013-14 with very promising results.

Four hundred seventy front line demonstrations were conducted by 29 centres. Two hundred demonstrations conducted on production potential of high yielding varieties gave 13.9% higher yield. Two hundred fifty demonstrations conducted on package technology gave an average yield of 1597 kg/ha which was 31.9% higher than the yield of farmers practice (1210 kg/ha). Two hundred and thirty one demonstrations conducted in tribal areas gave 21.7% higher yield than traditional practices.

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Annual Group Meet of All India Coordinated Research Project on Chickpea

  • Date : 29-31 August 2016
  • Venue : ARS, Kalaburagi (Gulbarga)
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Dr. G.P. Dixit
Project Coordinator
Phone:- 0512-2580993 (O), 09936149224
EPBX No. :0512-2580994, 2580995, 2582580 Ext. 257
FAX : 091-0512-2580992
E-mail:- aicrpciipr@yahoo.co.in